The majority of the upper body weight is supported by five vertebrae in the lumbar spine's lower back region (referred to as L1-L5). When the body moves, the intervertebral discs, which are round, rubbery cushions between the vertebrae, absorb shock and protect the bones. The vertebrae are held in place by ligaments and tendons, while muscles attach to the spinal column. 31 pairs of spinal cord-derived nerves are in charge of controlling and transmitting bodily movements and signals.
There are also vertebrae in the neck, upper back, sacrum, and coccyx (located below the lumbar region).
Lower back pain can be caused by a number of factors.
The most common cause of chronic back pain in the elderly is a herniated or ruptured intervertebral disc, but this is not always the case. Congenital spine abnormalities such as lordosis, kyphosis, and other forms of spine curvature are mechanical causes of low back pain.
When the spinal cord and its protective covering are not fully developed, abnormal sensations, vertebral malformation, and even paralysis can occur.
Injuries include sprains and strains (torn or stretched ligaments), as well as muscle and tendon tears (sudden contraction of a muscle or group of muscles)
Trauma to the tissues, ligaments, or muscles can cause pain and compress the spine, causing discs to rupture or herniate.
Other parts of your body are affected by your pain.
If you have severe back pain that is accompanied by other symptoms such as shooting pain down your leg, you should seek medical attention immediately. Sciatica is caused by inflammation of the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back down the buttocks to the legs. If you're having this problem, it could be due to sciatica. The most common cause of this issue is herniated discs. A doctor can provide a variety of pain relief options.
You're exhausted and numb.
Back numbness, tingling, and weakness can be caused by nerve irritation or damage. If the pain is severe, start with over-the-counter analgesics. Nerve pain can be fatal if not treated.
An automobile accident is excruciatingly painful.
If you are suffering from back pain as a result of a car accident (even if it is minor), a fall, or any other type of injury, you should seek medical attention right away. For example, a fracture would necessitate medical attention.
Back pain caused by non-spinal causes is extremely uncommon.
Our spine team frequently discovers that the primary cause of a patient's back pain is unrelated to the spine.
Back pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including digestive and urinary system problems like pancreatitis and gallstones. Women's back pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including uterine fibroids and endometriosis.
Aneurysm rupture, or a weakening and tear in a blood vessel, can cause severe back pain in rare cases. Internal bleeding that could result in a heart attack or stroke is a medical emergency. Back pain can also be caused by aortic dissection, which is the tearing of an inner layer of tissue in the aorta, a major artery that transports blood from the heart to other parts of the body.
Back pain can appear in a variety of ways. It could be piercing or razor-sharp. Depending on the severity, it can be either dull or excruciatingly painful. The underlying cause of your back pain determines its severity.
Lower back pain is most likely relieved by lying down or reclining.
These are some of the activities that can aggravate people's low back pain.
You have the option of standing or walking.
Back pain that comes and goes, worse on some days than others.
Leg pain that does not extend to the buttocks or outer hips.
Injuries to the sciatic nerve are extremely common. All the way down to the toes, the buttocks and legs may feel tingly or numb. Sciatica can occur even when there is no back pain due to a herniated disc.
The sooner you see a doctor about your back pain, regardless of your age or symptoms, the more likely you will be able to control it. In addition to these symptoms, you may experience leg weakness, as well as bladder and bowel control issues.
Natural Treatments for Lower Back Pain
Back pain can be crippling for those who suffer from it. Try the following simple home remedies to help relieve symptoms:
OTC medications such as pain o soma 500 and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help relieve back pain (pain o soma 350mg). Menthol-based analgesics can also help relieve pain by reducing pain receptor sensitivity.
Back pain can be relieved by applying ice or heat compresses (). Heat can be applied immediately after an injury to relieve muscle aches and pains.
Certain types of exercise can aid in the relief of back pain. Walking, swimming, and stationary biking are all good options for people who suffer from back pain because they are gentle on the back.
Try a yoga variation of the child's pose to help loosen up tight muscles that may be causing your back pain. Spend 30 seconds in child's pose, in which you sit on your heels with your arms outstretched, palms down on the floor, and your head gently resting on the floor.